The soil resources of Connecticut have been mapped statewide by USDA’s NRCS and are available in digital form. Based on NRCS criteria, “prime” farmland is land that has the best combination of physical and chemical characteristics for producing crops. Farmland soils of “statewide importance” include those soils that nearly meet prime soil characteristics and can produce high yields of crops with a higher level of management. Prime and statewide important farmland may be in cropland, pasture, hay, forest or other land but not urban built-up land or water.

A town can also choose to identify “locally important” farmland soils. This can be done in consultation with the NRCS. In general, “locally important soils” have slightly more limitations for agriculture, such as surface stones, but may nonetheless be vital to farm operations. Recognizing the value of local soil resources can help communities plan for the needs of agriculture and may identify land containing these soils as eligible for the federal Farmland Protection Program. 

For more information, contact the CT office of the Natural Resources Conservation Service

Towns which have identified locally important farmland soils:

New Milford